Это у них в крови…

автор: Денис Песков

Скоро у уважаемого издательства "Альпина нон-фикшн" выходит российский перевод книги Н. Уэйда о происхождении, расселении по свету современного человека. В оригинале называется так: Before the Dawn: Recovering the Lost History of Our Ancestors. Достал её почитать с полки, где она у меня уже 6 лет томится. Думал, что она дублирует другую, изданную Альпиной ранее, но обнаружил, что в ней есть много совершенно самобытного и любопытного материала. Заинтересовал меня вот такой пассаж:

An archaeologist, Steven LeBlanc of Harvard University, recently reached similar conclusions to Keeley after an independent study. “We need to recognize and accept the idea of nonpeaceful past for the entire time of human existence,” he writes. “Though there were certainly times and places during which peace prevailed, overall, such interludes seem to have been short-lived and infrequent. . . . To understand much of today’s war, we must see it as a common and almost universal human behavior that has been with us as we went from ape to human.”(Steven A. LeBlanc, Constant Battles, St. Martin’s Press, 2003, p. 8.)

Primitive warriors were highly proficient soldiers, Keeley notes. When they met the troops of civilized societies in open battle, they regularly defeated them despite the vast disparity in weaponry. In the Indian wars, the U.S. Army “usually suffered severe defeats” when caught in the open, such as by the Seminoles in 1834, and at the battle of Little Bighorn. In 1879 the British army in South Africa, equipped with artillery and Gatling guns, was convincingly defeated by Zulus armed mostly with spears and ox-hide shields at the battles of Isandlwana, Myer’s Drift and Hlobane. The French were seen off by the Tuareg of the Sahara in the 1890s. The state armies prevailed in the end only through larger manpower and attritional campaigns, not by any superior fighting skill.

How did the warriors of primitive societies get to be so extraordinarily good at their craft? By constant practice during some 50,000 years of unrestrained campaigning. Even in the harshest possible environments, where it was struggle enough just to keep alive, primitive societies still pursued the more overriding goal of killing one another.

В качестве иллюстраций залез в книжки Osprey:

British Infantryman Zulu Warrior2British Infantryman Zulu Warrior3